R&D expenditure can be disaggregated by sector of performance, source of funds, field of R&D, type of research and type of cost. The Frascati Manual provides more details related to these breakdowns (what these breakdowns/classifications are, the purposes, including user needs, the main criteria that are applied, etc). This indicator is defined as the total intramural expenditure on research and experimental development (R&D) performed in the national territory during a specific reference period expressed as a percentage of national gross domestic product (GDP). The gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) indicator is used for international comparisons.
R&D data can be collected through surveys directly, through administrative data sources, or by combination of the two. The direct collection of R&D data has a distinct advantage in that the concepts and definitions used can align completely with those contained in the Frascati Manual, though this may have some cost implications. Furthermore, R&D data are not collected on a regular basis in many developing countries and that not all sectors of performance (Business enterprise, Government, Higher education, and Private non-profit) are covered. In particular, the Business enterprise sector goes uncovered. In 2012, the total amount of the expenditure on research and development (R&D) was 495.9 million BGN, which was by 15.5% more in comparison with the previous year.
They also provide the accounting system within which the institutional classifications and functional distributions may be applied. The website www.innovationdata.be provides a set of indicators describing the progress made by Belgium and its Regions in the field of innovation. The website has been developed by the Federal Planning Bureau at the request of the Belgian Science Policy Office, following the Federal Government’s decision to create a transversal technology platform. The percent of GDP dedicated to R&D is the most significant indicator which notifies about the level of economic innovation in a particular country. The table below published by Eurostat depicts the data concerning Venture Capital Investment (code VENTURE) which is expressed as GDP (Gross Domestic Product at market prices).
Data Analysis Bulletin, 16, 91-103. In 2013, governments adopted the SEE 2020 Strategy mirroring its EU namesake, in which they commit to raising their R&D intensity and boosting the size of their highly skilled labour force. This strategy is complemented by the Western Balkans Regional Research and Development Strategy for Innovation (2013) promoting technology transfer from public research organizations to the private sector and greater collaboration with industry; it advocates smart specialization in high-opportunity areas, such as ‘green’ energy and innovation, and includes a component promoted by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics of bringing the region’s statistics up to EU standards by 2018. In 2011 the total amount of the expenditure on research and development activity (R&D) was 429.6 million BGN or by 1.9% more in comparison with the previous year, as their growth compared to the previous years in absolute value had no impact on the R&D intensity (R&D expenditure as % of GDP) which is one of the key indicators for measuring progress of the European Union (EU) in achieving the targets of the new Europe 2020 strategy – a strategy for smart, inclusive and sustainable growth. The indicator ‘R&D expenditure’ is defined as all expenditures for R&D performed within a statistical unit, whatever the source of funds.
R&D BUS: Intramural R&D – London
R&D data are coherent with data obtained from the Innovation survey. Data are available for all users on the NSI website and on NSI information system INFOSTAT under the heading R&D, Information and Innovation Society. The statistical survey on research and development activity (R&D) provides internationally comparable information about the characterization of resources (expenditure and personnel) on research and development in Bulgaria. R&D personnel data is available in full-time equivalent (FTE), in head count (HC), as a % of employment and as a % of labour force.
Total intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) comprises current costs and capital expenditure on R&D. All data are broken down by the above mentioned sectors of performance. The R&D expenditure is broken down by source of funds further, by type of costs, by economic activity (NACE Rev.2), by size class, by type of R&D, by fields of science, by socio-economic objectives and by regions (NUTS 2 level). Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) is total intramural expenditure on R&D performed in the national territory during a specific reference period.
In a minor number of countries, micro enterprises with less than 10 employees where R&D activity is expected to be negligible are excluded from the R&D surveys. However, this has only a minor impact on the aggregated data.
Data in these fields collected by Eurostat serves both scientists and policymakers. In 2009 the total amount of the expenditure on research and development activity (R&D) is 361.1 million BGN which increases by 10.8% in comparison with the previous year and the annual growth tendency retains for the period of 2005 – 2009. In 2010 the total amount of the expenditure on research and development activity (R&D) is 420.1 million BGN which increases by 16.4% in comparison with the previous year and the annual growth tendency retains for the period of 2006 – 2010. In 2013, the total amount of expenditure on research and development activity (R&D) was 521.2 million BGN which was 5.0% more than the previous year.
Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD): civil – Total: Constant Price
The National Statistical Institute presents the bilingual (Bulgarian/English) brochure Bulgaria 2018 to users of statistical information. The brochure is addressed to a wide range of users (international institutions, business, students, experts etc.) and changes the traditional presentation of statistical information by offering an innovative structure with a parallel translation in English. The publication contains topical statistical information about the demographic, social and economic development of the national country over the 2013 – 2017 period. In 2008 the total expenditure amount to 0.49% of GDP, which is only 0.year 01 percentage points higher than the previous.
(2014). A model for the total intramural research and development (R&D) expenditure (GERD) by sectors of performance within the EU21.
admin November 8, 2009